There are two main categories of dwarfism -- disproportionate and proportionate. Disproportionate dwarfism is characterized by an average-size torso and shorter arms and legs or a shortened trunk with longer limbs. In proportionate dwarfism, the body parts are in proportion but shortened.
What are the 14 different types of dwarfism?
Dwarfism Types & DiagnosesAchondrogenesis.Achondroplasia.Acrodysostosis.Acromesomelic Dysplasia (Acromesomelic Dysplasia Maroteaux Type, AMDM)Atelosteogenesis.Campomelic Dysplasia.Cartilage Hair Hypoplasia (CHH) (Metaphyseal Chondrodysplasia, McKusick type)Chondrodysplasia Punctata.More items
Where is Turner syndrome most common?
This condition occurs in about 1 in 2,500 female births worldwide, but is much more common among pregnancies that do not survive to term (miscarriages and stillbirths). Turner syndrome is a chromosomal condition related to the X chromosome.
What is the male version of Turner syndrome?
Consequently, in the past, Noonan syndrome has been referred to as “male Turner syndrome,” “female pseudo-Turner syndrome,” or “Turner phenotype with normal chromosomes karyotype.” However, there are many important differences between the two disorders.